Document Detail

Neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy for failed shunts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12922033     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy has increased in frequency for the management of hydrocephalus. The objective of this paper is to study the outcome in patients with hydrocephalus whose shunt subsequently failed and who were treated with neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy (NTV). METHOD: The departmental prospectively acquired database, kept since 1994, was researched to identify those patients who underwent NTV, having presented with a failed shunt. Subsequent failure of the NTV occurs when further treatment for the hydrocephalus is required. RESULTS: There were 88 patients identified, 45(51%) male and 43(49%) female. Median age at time of NTV was 14 years (range 1 day to 69 years). Median time from last shunt to NTV was 8 years (1 week to 35 years). Follow-up was for a median of 3 years (1 month to 6 years) after their NTV. Overall 42 (48%) failed and 46 (52%) were successful. In those with noncommunicating causes the success rate was 73%. Median time to failure was 1 month (immediate to 5 years) Median age of failed patients at time of NTV was 7 years. Serious complications occurred in 5 (5.6%). CONCLUSION: NTV in patients having previously been shunted for their hydrocephalus is safe and as successful as in primary NTV. Failure can be expected to occur with greater frequency in communicating than noncommunicating types of hydrocephalus. The fact that they have a malfunctioning shunt in situ is not a contraindication to this procedure. In cases of infected shunts it is a useful adjunct to the treatment of the infection.
Neil Buxton; Donald Macarthur; Iain Robertson; Jonathan Punt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical neurology     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0090-3019     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Neurol     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-18     Completed Date:  2003-09-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367070     Medline TA:  Surg Neurol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  201-3; discussion 203-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurosurgery, University Department of Child Health, University Hospital, Nottingham, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts*
Child, Preschool
Hydrocephalus / etiology,  surgery*
Infant, Newborn
Middle Aged
Treatment Failure
Treatment Outcome
Ventriculostomy / adverse effects,  methods*

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