Document Detail

Neurodevelopmental, functional and growth status of term low birth weight infants at eighteen months.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16340054     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study was done to evaluate the neurodevelopmental, functional and growth status of term infants weighing 2000 g or less at 18 months, and to analyze major medical and social factors associated with an adverse neurodevelopmental and/or functional outcome. All infants were assessed for growth, audio-visual, neurological impairment, and motor and mental development using Indian modification of Bayley Scales of infant development. A detailed history was also taken. Term infants with birth weight of >2500 g without any antenatal or neonatal complications served as controls. Fifty low birth weight (LBW) term infants and 30 controls were evaluated. The mean mental development Quotient for LBW infants [91.51(16.97)] was significantly lower than that of Controls [102.02(8.4)]; the mean motor development Quotient however was comparable. The LBW infants were significantly lagging in terms of weight, length and head circumference at assessment. Neonatal complications were associated with an abnormal motor outcome while lower Socio-economic status and maternal education were related to adverse mental status. We concluded that Term LBW infants are at a significant disadvantage in terms of growth and mental scores at 18 months.
M Juneja; A Shankar; S Ramji
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian pediatrics     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0019-6061     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian Pediatr     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-12     Completed Date:  2006-01-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985062R     Medline TA:  Indian Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1134-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi 110 002, India.
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MeSH Terms
Child Development
Cross-Sectional Studies
Infant, Low Birth Weight* / growth & development,  physiology
Infant, Newborn
Mental Retardation / etiology
Social Class

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