Document Detail


Neurobiological and psychiatric consequences of child abuse and neglect.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20882586     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of early-life trauma and its consequences for the treatment of depression are reviewed. The prevalence and clinical sequelae of early sexual and physical abuse, neglect and parental loss are described. An overview of preclinical studies that help guide clinical research and practice is presented. Human clinical studies on the neurobiological consequences of early trauma are summarized. Moderating factors, such as genetic variation and sex differences, are discussed. The few current treatment outcome studies relevant to this research area are described. Guidance for the management of patients with depression and a history of child abuse and neglect are provided. Most patients who have experienced early traumatic experiences are likely best treated with a combination of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. This review is dedicated to the memory of Seymour Levine who pioneered the field of early experience research and to a considerable extent inspired the clinical studies described in this review.
Authors:
Christine Heim; Margaret Shugart; W Edward Craighead; Charles B Nemeroff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychobiology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1098-2302     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Psychobiol     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0164074     Medline TA:  Dev Psychobiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  671-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
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