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Neurite degeneration in differentiated human neuroblastoma cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20654440     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
We have studied neurite degeneration in differentiated human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells. The axonopathy-inducing potency in vitro of caffeine, diazepam, methylmercury chloride (MeHg), triethyltin chloride (TET) and acrylamide (ACR) was elucidated. After 72 hours of exposure the neurite degeneration was determined (by morphological quantification) as well as the total protein content (general cytotoxicity). The concentrations that caused 20% reduction of number of neurites (ND(20)) for ACR (250+/-36 mum) and TET (0.097+/-0.03 mum) was significantly lower, 63% and 35%, respectively (P</=0.005), as compared to corresponding inhibition of general cytotoxicity (IC(20)). The effects of TET on the neurites may be related to the disturbance in Ca(2+)-signalling, and thus a secondary event. The ND(20)s for caffeine and diazepam, which are compounds without a known neurite degenerative potency in vivo, were higher as compared with the IC(20). For MeHg which is an extremely cyto- and neurotoxic compound the ND(20) was not statistically different from the IC(20), indicating that degeneration of the neurites is not a primary effect. This study indicates that the SH-SY5Y-neurite degeneration model is useful for the identification of axonopathy-inducing substances.
M Nordin-Andersson; A Forsby; N Heldring; J Dejongh; P Kjellstrand; E Walum
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0887-2333     ISO Abbreviation:  Toxicol In Vitro     Publication Date:  1998 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8712158     Medline TA:  Toxicol In Vitro     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  557-60     Citation Subset:  -    
Stockholm University Department of Neurochemistry and Neurotoxicology, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden; Gambro AB, Medical Research Department, S-220 10 Lund, Sweden.
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