Document Detail


Neural encoding of single-formant stimuli in the cat. I. Responses of auditory nerve fibers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8229159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. We have studied auditory responses to a set of speech-related narrowband sounds, single-formant stimuli (SFSs), in populations of auditory nerve fibers (ANFs). An analytic method was developed to extract the envelope of temporal discharge patterns of the ANF responses to nonsinusoidally modulated stimuli, whose spectra have multiple clusters of components. Such responses are often encountered in the auditory system when complex stimuli are used and have traditionally been studied by analyzing the fundamental component of the responses. 2. The envelope modulation in the SFSs is shown to be represented by the response patterns of ANFs. When the whole ANF population is considered, the information on modulation in stimulus envelope does not disappear at the highest sound level tested at all best frequencies (BFs) we studied (1-10 kHz). The representation is the best at medium sound levels and degrades at high sound levels. Low/medium-spontaneous rate (SR) ANFs showed greater envelope modulation in their responses at high sound levels than do high-SR ANFs. The quality of the representation at high sound levels is, on average, proportional to BF threshold of an ANF. On the basis of populations of ANFs with all SRs, the envelope modulation in the SFSs is represented over a wide range of sound levels. 3. We found that low-BF ANFs differ from high-BF ANFs in representing envelope modulation in the SFSs. For ANFs with BFs less than approximately 6 kHz, information on stimulus envelope is not only contained in spectral components near direct current but also in components at the vicinities of frequencies equal to BF and its multiples. In fact, for ANFs with BFs < 3 kHz, the contribution from spectral components centered at BF to overall response modulation is greater than that from spectral components near direct current. These findings indicate that, by using measures solely based on the fundamental component, the amount of modulation in the responses to narrowband stimuli is underestimated for low-BF ANFs. 4. Off-BF stimulation of ANFs with SFSs was found to result in increased envelope modulation in responses at high sound levels. The further away the stimulus is centered relative to unit BF, the greater the modulation it induces, provided that the stimulus is capable of exciting the unit. An SFS centered as close as 15% off unit BF can produce a significant increase in the modulation of responses at very high sound levels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Authors:
X Wang; M B Sachs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurophysiology     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0022-3077     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurophysiol.     Publication Date:  1993 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-12-17     Completed Date:  1993-12-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375404     Medline TA:  J Neurophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1054-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Attention / physiology*
Auditory Pathways / physiology
Cats
Evoked Potentials, Auditory / physiology*
Fourier Analysis
Loudness Perception / physiology
Phonetics*
Pitch Perception / physiology
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Sound Spectrography
Speech Perception / physiology*
Vestibulocochlear Nerve / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DC-00109/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; DC-00979/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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