Document Detail


Neural correlates of strategic reasoning during competitive games.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25236468     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although human and animal behaviors are largely shaped by reinforcement and punishment, choices in social settings are also influenced by information about the knowledge and experience of other decision-makers. During competitive games, monkeys increased their payoffs by systematically deviating from a simple heuristic learning algorithm and thereby countering the predictable exploitation by their computer opponent. Neurons in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) signaled the animal's recent choice and reward history that reflected the computer's exploitative strategy. The strength of switching signals in the dmPFC also correlated with the animal's tendency to deviate from the heuristic learning algorithm. Therefore, the dmPFC might provide control signals for overriding simple heuristic learning algorithms based on the inferred strategies of the opponent.
Authors:
Hyojung Seo; Xinying Cai; Christopher H Donahue; Daeyeol Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Science (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-9203     ISO Abbreviation:  Science     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404511     Medline TA:  Science     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014, American Association for the Advancement of Science.
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