Document Detail


Neural correlates of prosocial behavior in infancy: Different neurophysiological mechanisms support the emergence of helping and comforting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23108275     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study examined the neural processes related to different forms of prosocial behavior in infancy by means of a longitudinal study. At 14months, infants' resting state brain activation asymmetries were assessed by means of EEG. At 18months, we examined infants' instrumental helping, and at 24months infants' behavior in a comforting task. Behavioral analyses revealed a negative relation between infants' performances in the helping and comforting task. The EEG analysis showed that distinct neural patterns were related to each task. Greater left frontal cortical activation was associated with infants' understanding of the other's distress as well as empathic responding in the comforting task, whereas greater right temporal activation was related to infants' instrumental helping. These findings reveal the neural correlates of the earliest forms of prosocial action and show that different neurophysiological activation patterns are related to the emergence of instrumental helping and comforting in early development.
Authors:
Markus Paulus; Nina Kühn-Popp; Maria Licata; Beate Sodian; Jörg Meinhardt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  NeuroImage     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-9572     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuroimage     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9215515     Medline TA:  Neuroimage     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany. Electronic address: markus.paulus@lmu.de.
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