Document Detail

Network simulations of retinal and cortical contributions to color constancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7892736     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A biologically-based neural network simulation is used to analyze the contributions to color perception of each of several processing steps in the visual system from the retina to cortical area V4. We consider the effects on color constancy and color induction of adaptation, spectral opponency, non-linearities including saturation and rectification, and spectrally-specific long-range inhibition. This last stage is a novel mechanism based on cells which have been described in V4. The model has been tested with simulations of several well known psychophysical color constancy and color induction experiments. We conclude from these simulations the following: (1) a simple push-pull spectrally specific contrast mechanism, using large surrounds analogous to those found in V4, is very effective in producing general color constancy and color induction behavior; (2) given some spatio-temporal averaging, receptor adaptation can also produce a degree of color constancy; (3) spectrally opponent processes have spatial frequency dependent responses to color and brightness contrast which affect the contribution of the V4 mechanism to color constancy in images with nonuniform backgrounds; and (4) the effect of the V4 mechanism depends on the difference between center and surround while the effect of adaptation depends on the total sum of inputs from both center and surround and therefore the two stages cooperate to increase the range of stimulus conditions under which color constancy can be achieved.
S M Courtney; L H Finkel; G Buchsbaum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0042-6989     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  1995 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-04-20     Completed Date:  1995-04-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  413-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Ocular
Color Perception / physiology*
Neural Networks (Computer)*
Retina / physiology*
Sensory Thresholds / physiology
Visual Cortex / physiology*

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