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Network meta-analyses could be improved by searching more sources and by involving a librarian.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24841794     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Network meta-analyses (NMAs) aim to rank the benefits (or harms) of interventions, based on all available randomized controlled trials. Thus, the identification of relevant data is critical. We assessed the conduct of the literature searches in NMAs.
STUDY DESIGN: Published NMAs were retrieved by searching electronic bibliographic databases and other sources. Two independent reviewers selected studies and five trained reviewers abstracted data regarding literature searches, in duplicate. Search method details were examined using descriptive statistics.
RESULTS: Two hundred forty-nine NMAs were included. Eight used previous systematic reviews to identify primary studies without further searching, and five did not report any literature searches. In the 236 studies that used electronic databases to identify primary studies, the median number of databases was 3 (interquartile range: 3-5). MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were the most commonly used databases. The most common supplemental search methods included reference lists of included studies (48%), reference lists of previous systematic reviews (40%), and clinical trial registries (32%). None of these supplemental methods was conducted in more than 50% of the NMAs.
CONCLUSION: Literature searches in NMAs could be improved by searching more sources, and by involving a librarian or information specialist.
Authors:
Lun Li; Jinhui Tian; Hongliang Tian; David Moher; Fuxiang Liang; Tongxiao Jiang; Liang Yao; Kehu Yang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical epidemiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-5921     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801383     Medline TA:  J Clin Epidemiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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