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Net anthropogenic phosphorus inputs (NAPI) index application in Mainland China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22892355     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study provides a new understanding on sources of P, which may serve as a foundation for further exploration of anthropogenic effects on P input. Estimation of net anthropogenic phosphorus input (NAPI) was based on an inventory of phosphorus (P) fertilizer use, consumption of human food and animal feed, seeding phosphorus and non-food phosphorus net flux. Across Mainland China, NAPI had an upward trend from 1981 to 2009, which reflects development trend of the population and economic. NAPI for years 1981, 1990, 2000 and 2009 are 190kgPkm(-2)yr(-1) (1.8kg P per person yr(-1)), 295kgPkm(-2)yr(-1) (2.5kgP per person yr(-1)), 415kgPkm(-2)yr(-1) (3.1kg P per person yr(-1)) and 465kgPkm(-2)yr(-1) (3.4kgP per person yr(-1)), respectively. On a geographical basis, NAPI per unit area is lower in northwest Mainland China than in southeast Mainland China with the largest NAPI of 3101kgPkm(-2) yr(-1) in Shanghai, while NAPI per person is in reverse with the largest NAPI 7.7kg P per person yr(-1) in Tibet. P input of fertilizer is the largest source of NAPI, accounting for 57.35-83.73% (109-390kgPkm(-2)yr(-1)) of the total NAPI, followed by non-food P and P in human food and animal feed. Year 2000 was a critical point where P changed almost from net input to output. Grain production rate per unit mass of fertilizer showed an obvious downward trend. The primary factor in relation to the change in NAPI is total population.
Authors:
Yuguo Han; Xinxiao Yu; Xiaoxue Wang; Yunqi Wang; Jinxia Tian; Lei Xu; Chengzhi Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemosphere     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1298     ISO Abbreviation:  Chemosphere     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0320657     Medline TA:  Chemosphere     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China.
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