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Nesfatin-1 influences the excitability of glucosensing neurons in the hypothalamic nuclei and inhibits the food intake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22561448     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Nesfatin-1 is a recently discovered neuropeptide that has been shown to decrease food intake after lateral, third, or fourth brain ventricle, cisterna magna administration, or PVN injection in ad libitum fed rats. With regards to the understanding of nesfatin-1 brain sites of action, additional microinjection studies will be necessary to define specific nuclei, in addition to the PVN, responsive to nesfatin-1 to get insight into the differential effects on food intake. In the present study, we evaluated nesfatin-1 action to modulate food intake response upon injection into the specific hypothalamic nuclei (PVN, LHA and VMN) in freely fed rats during the dark phase. We extend previous observations by showing that the nesfatin-1 (50pmol) injected before the onset of the dark period significantly reduced the 1 to 5h cumulative food intake in rats cannulated into the PVN, LHA, but not in rats cannulated into the VMN. Glucosensing neurons located in the hypothalamus are involved in glucoprivic feeding and homeostatic control of blood glucose. In order to shed light on the mechanisms by which nesfatin-1 exerts its satiety-promoting actions, we examined the effect of nesfatin-1 on the excitability of hypothalamic glucosensing neurons. Nesfatin-1 excited most of the glucose-inhibited (GI) neurons and inhibited most of the glucose-excited (GE) neurons in the PVN. Of 34 GI neurons in the LHA tested, inhibitory effects were seen in 70.6% (24/34) of GI neurons. The main effects were excitatory after intra-VMN administration of nesfatin-1 in GE neurons (27/35, 77.1%). Thus, our data clearly demonstrate that nesfatin-1 may exert at least a part of its physiological actions on the control of food intake as a direct result of its role in modulating the excitability of glucosensing neurons in the PVN, LHA and VMN.
Xi Chen; Jing Dong; Zheng-Yao Jiang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Regulatory peptides     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-1686     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8100479     Medline TA:  Regul Pept     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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