Document Detail

Neovascularization of the testicle through spermatic vessels by omental pedicle flap: a new experimental model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8749916     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this experimental study in rats was to consider the supplementary role of an omental pedicle flap on the neovascularization of the testicle through the spermatic vessels, for which a Fowler-Stephens procedure had been planned. To compare results, 12 animals had only the spermatic vessels ligated, without an additional procedure (Fowler-Stephens procedure [FS group]), and 12 others had omentopexy of the spermatic vessels of the left testes, with ligation of the vessels 4 weeks later (Fowler-Stephens procedure plus omentopexy [FSO group]). In the sham group (n = 8), only omentopexy of the left spermatic vessels was performed. Six rats served as controls. In each rat, both testes were evaluated by color Doppler ultrasonography to assess capsular and intratesticular blood flow, followed by orchiectomy to determine testicular weights, testicular biopsy scores, and mean seminiferous tubule diameters. Data were analyzed statistically. According to the color Doppler ultrasonography, the testicular blood flow in the FSO group was better than that of the FS group, but was less sufficient than that of the sham and control groups. The testicular weights and biopsy scores for the FSO group were statistically greater than those of the FS group, and less than those of the sham and control groups. There was no significant difference in the mean seminiferous tubule diameters of the FSO and FS groups. The contralateral tests of the four groups did not differ significantly for any parameter. In light of the data available, it is suggested that the omental pedicle flap neovascularizes the testicle through spermatic vessels. Given the high incidence of testicular atrophy associated with Fowler-Stephens orchiopexies, it might be beneficial to perform laparoscopic orchiopexy of testicles neovascularized with omental pedicle flaps as the first-stage procedure.
K Sönmez; A C Başaklar; Z Türkyilmaz; B Demiroğullari; V Numanoğlu; O Konuş; A Dursun; M A Altin; N Kale
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0022-3468     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  1995 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-09-20     Completed Date:  1996-09-20     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1654-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
Blood Vessels / ultrasonography
Cryptorchidism / surgery
Neovascularization, Physiologic / physiology*
Omentum / blood supply,  transplantation*
Rats, Wistar
Spermatic Cord / blood supply*
Surgical Flaps / physiology*
Testis / blood supply*
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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