Document Detail


Neonatal tetanus: observations on antenatal immunization, natal and immediate post-natal factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1937616     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective is to study the present status of the antenatal immunization with tetanus toxoid and the natal and immediate postnatal factors among the cases of neonatal tetanus and the changes over time. Retrospective analysis of 61 case records of Neonatal Tetanus (NNT) during 1987-88 and prospective study of 19 cases of 1989 was done. The number of cases have decreased considerably from 88 in 1984 to 19 in 1989. 80% of cases were from residents outside the city. Antenatal checkup improved from 37.7% in 1987 to 73.7% in 1989. The proportion of mothers of NNT cases who received = greater than 2 doses have increased from 19.7% in 1987-88 to 31.6% in 1989. In the year 1989, 21% and 10.5% have received the I and II doses of TT respectively at the 9th month of pregnancy, the value of which is doubtful. Majority (73.7%) were domiciliary deliveries conducted by dhais and this has not changed over the years. The importance of antenatal booking, immunization at the appropriate time, hygienic obstetric and cord care are stressed.
Authors:
N Deivanayagam; K Nedunchelian; K G Kamala
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0019-5456     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:    1991 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-12-17     Completed Date:  1991-12-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  INDIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  119-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Advanced Center for Clinical Epidemiological Research and Training (ACCERT), Institute of Child Health, Madras.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Male
Pregnancy
Prenatal Care*
Prospective Studies
Retrospective Studies
Tetanus / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Tetanus Toxoid / administration & dosage*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tetanus Toxoid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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