Document Detail

Neonatal respiratory distress following elective delivery. A preventable disease?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  961745     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Twelve per cent of all infants with respiratory distress admitted to our neonatal intensive-care unit from November, 1973 to April, 1974, were born after elective intervention (15 cesarean sections and four vaginal inductions). All were white and 18/19 were private compared to yearly admissions of white (56 per cent) and private (57 per cent). Eighteen of 19 were admitted from the region via the transport service. Mean birth weight was 2.69 kilograms, with 18 infants over 2 kilograms. Pediatric gestational age from a physical and neurological evaluation ranged from 32 to 39 weeks (mean 36.2 weeks) in contrast to obstetric dating which ranged from 38 to 44 weeks (mean 39 weeks). The obstetric dating was 3 or more weeks greater than the pediatric age in 11 infants. Pulmonary disease included transient tachypnea (5) and respiratory distress syndrome (14). No prior documentation of pulmonary maturity had been obtained in any of these infants. Mean hospitalization was 23 days (range 1 to 140), with estimated costs of $3,421 per baby. Two infants died. Respiratory distress following elective delivery remains a potent source of on-going perinatal morbidity. Regional programs must direct increased educational efforts to eliminate this preventable disease.
M Hack; A A Fanaroff; M H Klaus; B D Mendelawitz; I R Merkatz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  126     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1976 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-10-29     Completed Date:  1976-10-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  43-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Cesarean Section / adverse effects*
Costs and Cost Analysis
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Labor, Induced / adverse effects*
Prenatal Diagnosis
Prospective Studies
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / epidemiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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