Document Detail

Neonatal nutrition: a brief review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19104887     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: With increasing survival of extremely premature infants, emphasis is now focused on the quality of these survivors' lives. Possibly the most important factor in the premature's ability to survive in the NICU and thrive is the ability to replicate in utero growth through enteral and parenteral nutrition. DATA SOURCES: Current literature and review articles were retrieved from PubMed and personal files of the authors. RESULTS: The use and complications of the various components of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) were reviewed. The composition of appropriate enteral feeds for the premature was reviewed as was the difficulties associated with the establishment of adequate enteral feeds in the premature infants. CONCLUSIONS: Early initiation of amino acids in TPN and timely increases in the components of TPN can improve the caloric intake of prematures. Enteral feeds, particularly of breast milk, may be started within the first few days of life in all but hemodynamically unstable prematures. Newer lipid preparations show promise in reversing the hepatic damage of TPN associated cholestatic jaundice.
David L Schutzman; Rachel Porat; Agnes Salvador; Michael Janeczko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2008-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of pediatrics : WJP     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1708-8569     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-23     Completed Date:  2009-02-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101278599     Medline TA:  World J Pediatr     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  248-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acids, Essential / administration & dosage
Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Enteral Nutrition / adverse effects,  methods*
Infant Formula / metabolism
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Intensive Care Units
Lipids / administration & dosage
Micronutrients / administration & dosage
Milk, Human / metabolism
Nutritional Requirements
Nutritional Support / methods
Parenteral Nutrition / adverse effects,  methods*
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Time Factors
Weight Gain*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids, Essential; 0/Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Lipids; 0/Micronutrients

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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