Document Detail

Neonatal morbidity and mortality in Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10771996     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A retrospective analysis of neonatal morbidity and mortality was conducted over a ten-year period (1981-1990) at a tertiary hospital in Ilesa, Nigeria, to determine the trends in neonatal morbidity and mortality in relation to places of delivery. 7,225 babies were admitted into the neonatal unit during the period wherein 3,232 (44.7%) were inborns and 3,993 (55.3%) outborns. Places of delivery of outborn babies were government hospitals/maternity centres (44.1%), home (28.5%), private hospitals/clinics (18.8%), and mission houses (8.7%). Major indications for admission among inborns were neonatal jaundice (45.6%), low birthweight (18.6%), birth asphyxia (14.2%), and neonatal infections (9.3%), while those for outborns were neonatal jaundice (39.5%), low birthweight (23.2%), neonatal infections (18.0%), neonatal tetanus (5.7%), birth asphyxia (4.8%). Overall mortality rate was 13.0%. It was higher in outborns than inborns (p < 0.001). Mortality was lowest in 1983 and peaked in 1987 and 1988. It was higher in outborns than inborns during the period (p < 0.001). Major causes of death were low birth weight (42.8%), neonatal jaundice (14.1%), neonatal tetanus (12.8%), infections (12.4%), and birth asphyxia (11.6%). In almost all cases, case fatality rates were higher among the outborns (p < 0.001). Similarly, mortality was higher in outborns than inborns in almost all the weight range. Among the outborns, mortality was highest in babies delivered at home and private hospitals. Improved access to neonatal medical and antenatal care will significantly reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality in Nigeria.
J A Owa; A I Osinaike
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0019-5456     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:    1998 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-09     Completed Date:  2000-05-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  INDIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  441-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Cause of Death*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Developing Countries*
Home Childbirth / statistics & numerical data
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Nigeria / epidemiology

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