Document Detail

Neonatal hypoglycemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9087008     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Neonatal hypoglycemia is a common phenomenon in the newborn infant. The neonatal nurse has the primary responsibility for identifying infants at risk and early warning signs. This article outlines the definition, central nervous system symptomatology, incidence, risk factors, etiology, and pathophysiology of low blood glucose levels. An understanding of the three basic mechanisms of glucose homeostasis-glycogenolysis, glycolysis, and glyconcogenesis-is crucial for the nurse caring for any newborn infant, particularly those at risk. All personnel involved in blood sampling must be carefully trained; proper screening and laboratory blood sampling techniques for glucose measurement cannot be overemphasized. Inaccurate results produced by faulty techniques can lead to misdiagnosis and improper treatment. A plan of care including glucose screening on initial assessment and follow-up must be, considered whenever hypoglycemic symptoms are observed or risk factors are present. Knowledge of appropriate interventions and outcome evaluation for hypoglycemia is the responsibility of the neonatal nurse.
C Brooks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neonatal network : NN     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0730-0832     ISO Abbreviation:  Neonatal Netw     Publication Date:  1997 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-10     Completed Date:  1997-04-10     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503921     Medline TA:  Neonatal Netw     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-21     Citation Subset:  N    
Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas Perinatal Outreach, TX 75231, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Hypoglycemia / epidemiology*,  etiology,  nursing*
Infant, Newborn
Risk Factors

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