Document Detail


Neonatal feeding practices of Anglo American mothers and Asian Indian mothers living in the United States and India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15617614     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To compare the colostrum and prelacteal feeding practices of Anglo American mothers and Asian Indian mothers living in the United States and India. DESIGN: Data were collected by interviews in the mother's home. SETTING: Southeastern United States and India. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 75 mother-infant pairs (n=25 per ethnic group). VARIABLES MEASURED: Demographic characteristics, length of US residence, mother's colostrum and prelacteal feeding practices, and associated reasons. ANALYSIS: Descriptive statistics. RESULTS: All Anglo American mothers initiated breast-feeding immediately after the infant's birth, and none gave prelacteal feeds. Asian Indian mothers living in the United States and India initiated breast-feeding postpartum at means of 12 and 30 hours, respectively. Six of the Asian Indian women living in the United States and 17 Asian Indian mothers living in India delayed introducing colostrum and fed prelacteal feeds. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Asian Indian women who come to live in the United States demonstrate different feeding practices than their Indian counterparts. In India, women may receive guidance regarding breast-feeding primarily from relatives and friends, whereas in the United States, breast-feeding counseling may be provided by health professionals. Nutritionists are encouraged to understand the maternal reasons for withholding colostrum and prelacteal feeding and to give compatible messages targeted at women of Asian Indian origin about breast-feeding.
Authors:
Srimathi Kannan; Betty Ruth Carruth; Jean Skinner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1499-4046     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Publication Date:    2004 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-24     Completed Date:  2005-05-24     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  315-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Human Nutrition Program, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2029, USA. kannans@umich.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Breast Feeding / ethnology*,  psychology,  statistics & numerical data
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Humans
India / ethnology
Infant
Infant Care
Infant Food / utilization*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Southeastern United States

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