Document Detail

Neonatal and childhood mortality rates in Myanmar.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19629906     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The health system performance in Myanmar was reported by WHO as having the highest childhood mortality numbers in Asia only exceeded by Cambodia and Laos. Previous data reported an infant mortality rate of as high as 105 per 1,000 live births. This review looks at the trend of the mortality rate in neonates and children in Myanmar during the two past decades. Data were retrieved from the Central Statistical Organization (CSO) of Myanmar, from UNICEF and from WHO. Data include the mortality under five years of age (U5MR), infant mortality rate (IMR), neonatal mortality rate (NMR), and maternal mortality rate (MMR). The latest report given by the CSO in 2002/2003 estimates U5MR at 66/1 000, IMR at 50/1,000, and NMR at 16/1 000. Data published by the WHO in 2003 provide a less optimistic perspective: U5MR is reported at 107/1 000, IMR at 76/1,000, and NMR at 35/1 000. 73% of death cases under the age of five years occurred in the age group 0-11 months, 34% of infant death cases happened during the first month of life. The majority of death cases were attributable to acute respiratory infections, diarrhoea, brain infections, or septicaemia. International sources (UNICEF, WHO) indicate a less fortunate situation related to childhood mortality rates in Myanmar as is published by the CSO. Further substantial reductions of mortality rates require structural changes not only in rural areas.
T Hoehn; M Hoppenz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-07-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Klinische Pädiatrie     Volume:  221     ISSN:  1439-3824     ISO Abbreviation:  Klin Padiatr     Publication Date:    2009 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-24     Completed Date:  2009-11-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0326144     Medline TA:  Klin Padiatr     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  266-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
General Pediatrics, University Hospital, Duesseldorf, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Cause of Death*
Child Mortality / trends*
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Developing Countries*
Infant Mortality / trends*
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Mortality / trends
United Nations
World Health Organization
Comment In:
Klin Padiatr. 2009 Jul-Aug;221(4):217-8   [PMID:  19629900 ]

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