Document Detail

Neonatal cerebral infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11205717     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Neonatal cerebral infarction in term infants has many possible causes, including bacterial meningitis, inherited or acquired coagulopathies, trauma, and hypoxia-ischemia. However, a specific cause often cannot be identified. Neurologic symptoms in the neonatal period are often subtle and nonspecific, even in infants with large infarctions involving an entire cerebral artery distribution. The most common presenting symptom is focal motor seizures of the contralateral limbs. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging, especially with diffusion-weighting, is the most sensitive imaging modality, although ultrasonography with Doppler imaging of cerebral blood flow is useful in the neonate who is too ill to transport. Neurodevelopmental outcome is often surprisingly good, with many infants making a complete recovery of motor function. The effect of neonatal stroke on cognitive function, especially language acquisition and emotional and social development, has not been fully established.
V Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in pediatric neurology     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1071-9091     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin Pediatr Neurol     Publication Date:  2000 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-02     Completed Date:  2001-03-29     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9441351     Medline TA:  Semin Pediatr Neurol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  278-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75235-9129, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cerebral Infarction* / diagnosis,  etiology
Child Development
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases* / diagnosis,  etiology
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Risk Factors

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