Document Detail

Neonatal assessment: an overview.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3901050     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of assessment techniques used by physical therapists in the assessment of the neonate. An additional purpose is to provide a review of prenatal and postnatal development in the areas of muscle tone, range of motion, somatosensory skills, and reflex development. The role of the physical therapist on the neonatal team is discussed relating to the types of assessments physical therapists might use in evaluating the neonate. General considerations for assessment are provided, and specific areas including physical examination, behavioral assessment, evaluation of muscle tone, reflex assessment, oral motor evaluation, and sensory systems assessment are discussed. Physical therapy for the neonate has been considered as a specialty area of pediatrics. Physical therapists, however, are being asked to function in neonatal units in hospitals as a part of their practice in the general hospital setting. This article provides information for the inexperienced clinician who is interested in working with the neonate and for the experienced clinician.
B H Connolly
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical therapy     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0031-9023     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Ther     Publication Date:  1985 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-11-06     Completed Date:  1985-11-06     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0022623     Medline TA:  Phys Ther     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1505-13     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child Behavior
Infant, Newborn*
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / physiopathology*
Infant, Premature
Infant, Premature, Diseases / physiopathology
Muscle Tonus
Parent-Child Relations
Physical Examination / methods,  standards
Physical Therapy Modalities / methods*
Reflex / physiology
Sensation / physiology
Sucking Behavior / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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