Document Detail

Neonatal anthropometry: thin-fat phenotype in fourth to fifth generation South Asian neonates in Surinam.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19636321     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We assessed whether the earlier described 'thin-fat phenotype' is present in Surinam South Asian babies of the fourth to fifth generation after migration from India. In this observational study we collected data from 39 South Asian term neonates and their mothers in Paramaribo, Surinam. We compared the following data with data from an earlier study in Southampton, UK (338 neonates) and in Pune, India (631 neonates): maternal body mass index, neonatal weight, length, head, mid-upper arm and abdominal circumferences and subscapular skinfold thickness. The mothers in Paramaribo were older than the Southampton mothers; their body mass index was comparable. Mean birth weight was 3159 g (Southampton: 3494 g; Pune: 2666 g). Compared with Southampton babies, the Paramaribo babies were smaller in nearly all body measurements, the smallest being abdominal circumference at the umbilicus level (s.d. score: -1.62; 95% confidence interval (CI): -2.07 to -1.16) and mid-upper arm circumference (s.d. score: -1.08; 95% CI: -1.46 to -0.69). In contrast, subscapular skinfold thickness was similar (s.d. score: +0.08; 95% CI: -0.24 to +0.55). Except for subscapular skinfold thickness and length, all neonatal measurements were intermediate between those from Southampton and Pune. The thin-fat phenotype is preserved in Surinam South Asian neonates of the fourth to fifth generation after migration from India.
L van Steijn; N S Karamali; H H H Kanhai; G A M Ariëns; C H D Fall; C S Yajnik; B J C Middelkoop; J T Tamsma
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-07-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of obesity (2005)     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1476-5497     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Obes (Lond)     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-17     Completed Date:  2010-10-21     Revised Date:  2014-02-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101256108     Medline TA:  Int J Obes (Lond)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1326-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Asian Continental Ancestry Group / ethnology*
Birth Weight / physiology*
Body Mass Index
Body Weight / ethnology,  physiology*
Infant, Newborn
Obesity / ethnology*
Skinfold Thickness
Suriname / epidemiology
Thinness / ethnology*
Grant Support
083460//Wellcome Trust; G0400519//Medical Research Council; MC_U147585821//Medical Research Council

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