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Neonatal Screening of Sickle Cell Anemia: A Preliminary Report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22278214     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate feasibility of systematic neonatal screening for sickle cell disease in Chhattisgarh. METHODS: A pilot study was done from February 2008 through January 2009 in Department of Pediatrics & Neonatology, Pt. J.N.M. Medical College & Dr.B.R.A.M. Hospital, Raipur (Chhattisgarh) on a total of 1,158 neonates. Blood samples from the neonates were taken after 48 h of birth on filter paper for detection of sickle cell anemia using Biorad hemoglobin variant Neonatal sickle cell short programme by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). On follow up, cases were analyzed by HPLC using Beta thalassemia short program to rule out false negative case and other hemoglobin variants. RESULTS: Of the 1,158 neonates screened, 628 were boys (54.2%) and 530 were girls (45.8%). Sickle cell disease was found in 3 cases (0.2%) (95%C.I 0.12-0.28), sickle cell trait was found in 68 cases (5.8%) (95%C.I 4.5-7.5). After 6-9 mo of age three cases of sickle cell diseases were reinvestigated, out of which one case turned out to be double heterozygous for sickle cell and beta thalassemia trait. Fourteen preterm neonates reported as normal in initial screening were called for follow up after 6 mo of age, 10 infants reported in OPD and 4 lost in follow up. These 10 infants were reinvestigated; 2 had sickle cell disease, 1 had sickle cell trait and 7 infants were normal. Sixty eight cases of sickle cell trait found with initial screening were also called for follow up after 6 mo of age; 61 cases reported in OPD between 6 mo to 1 y of age and 7 cases lost in follow up. Sixty one infants were reinvestigated; 60 had sickle cell trait and 1 had sickle cell disease which was reported earlier as Sickle cell trait (FAS). Thus on total follow up of cases, there were 5(0.4%) sickle cell disease, 61(5.26%) sickle cell trait, 1(0.08%) double heterozygous for sickle cell and beta thalassemia trait which needs mutation studies for thalassemia characterization (s/β(0) or s/β(+)). CONCLUSIONS: Early detection of sickle cell disease (SS) done by neonatal screening will help in early prevention and management of complications in postnatal period.
Authors:
Sumanta Panigrahi; Predeep Kumar Patra; Prafulla Kumar Khodiar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0973-7693     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Pt. J.N.M. Medical College and Dr. B.R.A.M. Hospital, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India, sumantap@rediffmail.com.
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