Document Detail


Neoliberal policy, rural livelihoods, and urban food security in West Africa: a comparative study of The Gambia, Cote d'Ivoire, and Mali.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20339079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examines the impact of two decades of neoliberal policy reform on food production and household livelihood security in three West African countries. The rice sectors in The Gambia, Côte d'Ivoire, and Mali are scrutinized as well as cotton and its relationship to sorghum production in Mali. Although market reforms were intended to improve food production, the net result was an increasing reliance on imported rice. The vulnerability of the urban populations in The Gambia and Côte d'Ivoire became especially clear during the 2007-2008 global food crisis when world prices for rice spiked. Urban Mali was spared the worst of this crisis because the country produces more of its own rice and the poorest consumers shifted from rice to sorghum, a grain whose production increased steeply as cotton production collapsed. The findings are based on household and market surveys as well as on an analysis of national level production data.
Authors:
William G Moseley; Judith Carney; Laurence Becker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2010-03-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1091-6490     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-01     Completed Date:  2010-04-28     Revised Date:  2010-10-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5774-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Macalester College, St Paul, MN 55105, USA. moseley@macalester.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture / economics
Commerce
Conservation of Natural Resources
Cote d'Ivoire
Cotton Fiber / economics
Crops, Agricultural / economics,  growth & development
Food Supply / economics
Gambia
Gossypium / growth & development
Humans
Hunger
Internationality
Mali
Marketing
Nutrition Policy / economics*
Oryza sativa / economics,  growth & development
Poverty
Poverty Areas
Rural Population
Sorghum / growth & development
Urban Population
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Mar 30;107(13):5697-8   [PMID:  20339084 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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