Document Detail


Neighboring spectral content influences vowel identification.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10955638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Four experiments explored the relative contributions of spectral content and phonetic labeling in effects of context on vowel perception. Two 10-step series of CVC syllables ([bVb] and [dVd]) varying acoustically in F2 midpoint frequency and varying perceptually in vowel height from [delta] to [epsilon] were synthesized. In a forced-choice identification task, listeners more often labeled vowels as [delta] in [dVd] context than in [bVb] context. To examine whether spectral content predicts this effect, nonspeech-speech hybrid series were created by appending 70-ms sine-wave glides following the trajectory of CVC F2's to 60-ms members of a steady-state vowel series varying in F2 frequency. In addition, a second hybrid series was created by appending constant-frequency sine-wave tones equivalent in frequency to CVC F2 onset/offset frequencies. Vowels flanked by frequency-modulated glides or steady-state tones modeling [dVd] were more often labeled as [delta] than were the same vowels surrounded by nonspeech modeling [bVb]. These results suggest that spectral content is important in understanding vowel context effects. A final experiment tested whether spectral content can modulate vowel perception when phonetic labeling remains intact. Voiceless consonants, with lower-amplitude more-diffuse spectra, were found to exert less of an influence on vowel perception than do their voiced counterparts. The data are discussed in terms of a general perceptual account of context effects in speech perception.
Authors:
L L Holt; A J Lotto; K R Kluender
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  108     ISSN:  0001-4966     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2000 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-09-25     Completed Date:  2000-09-25     Revised Date:  2006-12-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  710-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. lholt@andrew.cmu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Phonetics
Speech Perception / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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