Document Detail

Neighborhood disadvantage, high alcohol content beverage consumption, drinking norms, and drinking consequences: a mediation analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23423945     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Alcohol use can cause significant harm. We examined the relationships between neighborhood disadvantage, consumption of high-alcohol-content beverages (HACB), drinking norms, and self-reported drinking consequences using data from the 2000 and 2005 National Alcohol Surveys (N = 9,971 current drinkers) and the 2000 Decennial Census. We hypothesized that (1) individuals living in disadvantaged neighborhoods would report more negative drinking consequences than individuals living in more affluent neighborhoods, and (2) this relationship would be mediated by HACB consumption and pro-drunkenness drinking norms. Neighborhood disadvantage was based on a composite measure of socioeconomic indicators from the 2000 Decennial Census (five-item composite, alpha = 0.89). We measured high alcohol content beverage consumption in terms of whether respondents engaged in frequent or heavy consumption of malt liquor, fortified wine, or distilled spirits/liquor. The outcome was a dichotomous indicator of two or more of 15 past-year social, legal, work, and health consequences. Simultaneous, multivariate path modeling tested direct and indirect effects of neighborhood disadvantage, HACB consumption, and pro-drunkenness norms on consequences. Individuals living in disadvantaged neighborhoods reported significantly more negative drinking consequences than individuals living in more affluent neighborhoods. Consumption of high-alcohol-content beverages and pro-drunkenness norms did not mediate this relationship. However, heavy distilled spirits/liquor use was a significant mediator of other neighborhood characteristics (i.e., percent African American). Living in an African American neighborhood was related to increased spirits/liquor consumption and, in turn, reporting more negative drinking consequences. Greater scrutiny of advertising and tax policies related to distilled spirits/liquor is needed to prevent future drinking problems, especially in minority neighborhoods.
Rhonda Jones-Webb; Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe
Related Documents :
25061825 - Dancing around infertility: the use of metaphors in a complex medical situation.
25070695 - Self-perception of body weight status and weight control practices among adolescents in...
23871365 - Male coping with cancer-fertility issues: putting the 'social' into biopsychosocial app...
23438645 - Professional and educational needs of hospice and palliative care social workers.
9505635 - Conflict, consistency and fulfillment revisited: approaches to modelling the person.
23324695 - Atherosclerotic risk and social jetlag in rotating shift-workers: first evidence from a...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1468-2869     ISO Abbreviation:  J Urban Health     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-08-05     Completed Date:  2014-04-03     Revised Date:  2014-11-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9809909     Medline TA:  J Urban Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  667-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / economics,  epidemiology*
Alcoholic Beverages / statistics & numerical data*
Alcoholic Intoxication / economics,  epidemiology
Continental Population Groups / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Ethnic Groups / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Health Surveys
Income / statistics & numerical data
Poverty Areas*
Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data
Socioeconomic Factors
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Bifunctional Graphene/?-Fe(2) O(3) Hybrid Aerogels with Double Nanocrystalline Networks for Enzyme I...
Next Document:  Suppression of DHT-induced paracrine stimulation of endothelial cell growth by estrogens via prostat...