Document Detail

Negative social interactions and incident hypertension among older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24884909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine if negative social interactions are prospectively associated with hypertension among older adults.
METHOD: This is a secondary analysis of data from the 2006 and 2010 waves of the Health and Retirement Study, a survey of community-dwelling older adults (age > 50 years). Total average negative social interactions were assessed at baseline by averaging the frequency of negative interactions across 4 domains (partner, children, other family, friends). Blood pressure was measured at both waves. Individuals were considered to have hypertension if they reported use of antihypertensive medications, had measured average resting systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or higher, or measured average resting diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or higher. Analyses excluded those who were hypertensive at baseline and controlled for demographics, personality, positive social interactions, and baseline health.
RESULTS: Twenty-nine percent of participants developed hypertension over the 4-year follow-up. Each 1-unit increase in the total average negative social interaction score was associated with a 38% increased odds of developing hypertension. Sex moderated the association between total average negative social interactions and hypertension, with effects observed among women but not men. The association of total average negative interactions and hypertension in women was attributable primarily to interactions with friends, but also to negative interactions with family and partners. Age also moderated the association between total average negative social interactions and hypertension, with effects observed among those ages 51-64 years, but not those ages 65 or older.
CONCLUSION: In this sample of older adults, negative social interactions were associated with increased hypertension risk in women and the youngest older adults.
Rodlescia S Sneed; Sheldon Cohen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1930-7810     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-06-03     Completed Date:  2014-08-07     Revised Date:  2014-10-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  554-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Aged, 80 and over
Hypertension / epidemiology*
Interpersonal Relations*
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Sex Distribution
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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