Document Detail

Negative-pressure wound therapy I: the paradox of negative-pressure wound therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19182617     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Does negative-pressure wound therapy reduce or increase the pressure of wound tissues? This seemingly obvious question has never been addressed by a study on living tissues. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nature of tissue pressure changes in relation to negative-pressure wound therapy.
METHODS: Three negative-pressure wound therapy dressing configurations were evaluated-circumferential, noncircumferential, and those within a cavity-on 15 human wounds, with five wounds in each category. Tissue pressure changes were recorded (using a strain gauge sensor) for each 75-mmHg increment in suction, up to -450 mmHg. In the circumferential and noncircumferential groups, tissue pressure was also measured over a 48-hour period at a set suction pressure of -125 mmHg (n = 10).
RESULTS: In all three groups, mean tissue pressure increased proportionately to the amount of suction applied (p < 0.0005). Mean tissue pressure increments resulting from the circumferential dressings were significantly higher than those resulting from the noncircumferential (p < 0.0005) or cavity group (p < 0.0005); however, there was no significant difference between the latter two groups (p = 0.269). Over the 48-hour period, there was a significant mean reduction in the (increased) tissue pressure (p < 0.04 for circumferential and p < 0.0005 for noncircumferential), but in only three of 10 cases did this reduce to pressures less than those before dressing application.
CONCLUSIONS: Negative-pressure wound therapy increases tissue pressure proportionately to the amount of suction, although this becomes less pronounced over 48 hours. This suggests that negative-pressure wound therapy dressings should be used with caution on tissues with compromised perfusion, particularly when they are circumferential.
Nicolas Kairinos; Michael Solomons; Donald A Hudson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plastic and reconstructive surgery     Volume:  123     ISSN:  1529-4242     ISO Abbreviation:  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-02     Completed Date:  2009-03-02     Revised Date:  2014-10-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306050     Medline TA:  Plast Reconstr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  589-98; discussion 599-600     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Hand Injuries / therapy
Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy / contraindications,  methods*
Skin / injuries*
Stress, Mechanical
Transducers, Pressure*
Wound Healing
Wounds and Injuries / therapy*

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