Document Detail


Negative ion-atmospheric pressure photoionization-mass spectrometry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14766288     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The ionization mechanism in the novel atmospheric pressure photoionization mass spectrometry (APPI-MS) in negative ion mode was studied thoroughly by the analysis of seven compounds in 17 solvent systems. The compounds possessed either gas-phase acidity or positive electron affinity, whereas the solvent systems had different polarities and gas-phase acidities and some of them positive electron affinities. The analytes that possessed gas-phase acidity formed deprotonated ions in proton transfer; in addition, fragments and solvent adducts were observed. The compounds of positive electron affinity formed negative molecular ions by electron capture or charge exchange and substitution products of form [M - X + O](-) by substitution reactions. The efficiency of deprotonation was decreased if the solvent used possessed higher gas-phase acidity than the analyte. Solvents of positive electron affinity captured thermal electrons and deteriorated the ionization of all the analytes. Also, the proportion of substitution products was affected by the solvent. Finally, the performances of negative ion APPI and negative ion APCI were compared. The sensitivity for the studied compounds was better in APPI, but the formation of substitution products was lower in APCI.
Authors:
Tiina J Kauppila; Tapio Kotiaho; Risto Kostiainen; Andries P Bruins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1044-0305     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom.     Publication Date:  2004 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-09     Completed Date:  2004-04-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010412     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Mass Spectrom     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-11     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Viikki Drug Discovery Technology Center, Department of Pharmacy, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
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