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Negative Ionotropic Agents for the Treatment of Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction Due to Sigmoid Septum and Concentric Left Ventricular Hypertrophy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21684204     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Negative ionotropic agents are established treatments for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, their benefit in those with LVOTO without typical HCM is unclear. We evaluated if negative ionotropic agents are beneficial in treatment of LVOTO in patients without typical HCM. METHOD: In this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated echocardiograms and reviewed records of 15 patients with resting LVOT obstruction due to sigmoid septum (SS, n=9) and mild concentric left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH, n=6). Patients received treatment with sequential negative ionotropic agents (β-blockers and disopyramide). Initial symptoms, presentation characteristics and echocardiographic characteristics pre and post treatment were evaluated. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (mean age 66.2 years, 46.7% male) were included. Dyspnoea (NYHA Class II/III) was reported as the initial symptom in all patients with four patients reporting chest pain. All patients had hypercontractile LV function at baseline (fractional shortening 46.29±8.77%) but had normal LVS/PW ratio (1.03±0.10). The mean resting LVOT gradient was 74.4±55.2mmHg. Fourteen patients received initial β-blocker therapy with a mean reduction in peak LVOT gradient of 40.9mmHg seen in 11 patients that responded to therapy (p=0.02). Nine patients received disopyramide with a further 24.2±25.8mmHg reduction in peak LVOT gradient observed in eight patients who tolerated treatment (p=0.04). Symptomatic improvement occurred in 80% of treated patients. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with LVOTO without typical HCM, sequential treatment with negative ionotropes is associated with a significant reduction in the degree of LVOTO and leads to symptomatic improvement.
Authors:
Isuru Ranasinghe; Thomas Yeoh; John Yiannikas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart, lung & circulation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1444-2892     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100963739     Medline TA:  Heart Lung Circ     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Australasian Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Level 3 West, Concord Repatriation General Hospital & The University of Sydney, Hospital Road, Concord, NSW 2138, Australia.
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