Document Detail


Neem (Azadirachta indica a. Juss) components: candidates for the control of Crinipellis perniciosa and Phytophthora ssp.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16872817     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Witches' broom and pod rot are the two most devastating diseases of cocoa in South America and Africa, respectively. Their control by means of phytosanitation and chemical fungicides is labor-intensive, costly and, in many cases, environmentally undesirable. Therefore efforts are made in order to identify alternative, environmentally safe and cost-efficient methods for the control of these pathogens. Promising candidates are components of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica), that have been used for centuries in Asia as insecticides, fungicides, anticonceptionals in popular medicine. Here we report about tests on the effect of various concentrations of extracts from neem leaves on growth of mycelia of Crinipellis and Phytophthora and on germination of spores of Crinipellis. We show a 35% growth reduction of mycelia of Phytophthora on neem leaf extract media, whereas growth of mycelia of Crinipellis was not affected, even at the highest concentration of neem leaf extracts used (35%). However, the most dramatic effect of neem leaf extracts is observed on Crinipellis spore germination, here the extracts (20-35%) reduced germination almost completely. Based on these results, we believe that the neem tree might be a source for the production, on small and medium scale, of an effective and cheap formulation for the control of Crinipellis and Phytophthora.
Authors:
Alessandra de Rezende Ramos; Loeni Lüdke Falcão; Guilherme Salviano Barbosa; Lucilia Helena Marcellino; Eugen Silvano Gander
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-07-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Microbiological research     Volume:  162     ISSN:  0944-5013     ISO Abbreviation:  Microbiol. Res.     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-02     Completed Date:  2007-10-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9437794     Medline TA:  Microbiol Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  238-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal do Pará, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Depto. Genética, Rua Augusto Corrêa 1, Guamá, 66075-110 Belém-PA, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agaricales / drug effects*
Antifungal Agents / pharmacology*
Azadirachta / chemistry*
Phytophthora / drug effects*
Plant Extracts / chemistry,  pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antifungal Agents; 0/Plant Extracts

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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