Document Detail

Needs assessment for reducing infant mortality in Baltimore City: the Healthy Start Program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8272909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Needs assessments are essential for policy formulation and the appropriate design of intervention programs. Recent nationwide data show that among large metropolitan areas of the United States, Baltimore has one of the highest infant mortality rates and ranks in the worst top 10 for blacks and the top 5 for whites for most indicators of poor pregnancy outcome. In this paper, we present the methods and results of a needs assessment that used multiple sources of routinely collected data and was conducted for the purpose of identifying intervention factors contributing to infant mortality in Baltimore City. This needs assessment was used by the Baltimore City Health Department to successfully secure funding for the federal Healthy Start Infant Mortality Prevention Initiative. We present the results of the analyses, along with some of the proposed interventions that resulted from the needs assessment. We also discuss the limitations of this type of needs assessment as well as suggestions for future needs assessments for the design of interventions to improve perinatal health.
P O'Campo; B Guyer; B Squires; J Weiss; J Sweitzer; T Coyle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Southern medical journal     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0038-4348     ISO Abbreviation:  South. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1993 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-02-02     Completed Date:  1994-02-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404522     Medline TA:  South Med J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1342-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Maternal and Child Health, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans
Baltimore / epidemiology
European Continental Ancestry Group
Health Promotion / organization & administration*
Health Services Needs and Demand*
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Regional Medical Programs / organization & administration*
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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