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Neck circumference to thyromental distance ratio: a new predictor of difficult intubation in obese patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21354999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: /st> This study was performed to assess whether intubation is more difficult in obese patients and to assess the ability of a new index: the ratio of the neck circumference to thyromental distance (NC/TM), to predict difficult intubation in obese patients. METHODS: /st> The incidence of difficult tracheal intubation in 123 obese (BMI≥27.5 kg m(-2)) and 125 non-obese patients was compared. Difficult intubation was determined using the intubation difficulty scale (IDS≥5). The NC/TM ratio was calculated and its ability to predict difficult intubation in obese patients was compared with that of established predictors including high BMI, the Mallampati score, the Wilson score, NC, width of mouth opening, sternomental distance, TM, and a previous history of difficult intubation. RESULTS: /st> Difficult intubation was more frequent in obese patients than in non-obese patients (13.8% vs 4.8%; P=0.016). Multivariate analysis revealed that the Mallampati score, the Wilson score, and NC/TM independently predicted difficult intubation in obese patients. Among these three indices, NC/TM showed the highest sensitivity and a negative predictive value, and largest area under the curve on an ROC curve. CONCLUSIONS: /st> Difficult intubation was more common in obese patients and the NC/TM was a better method for predicting difficult intubation than other established indices.
Authors:
W H Kim; H J Ahn; C J Lee; B S Shin; J S Ko; S J Choi; S A Ryu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1471-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50, Ilwon-Dong, Kangnam-Gu, Seoul 135-710, Republic of Korea.
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