Document Detail

Neck and Scleral Hemorrhage in Drowning*
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21198626     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
  The determination of the cause and manner of death for a body recovered from the water can be difficult because of a lack of autopsy findings specific for drowning. This case report describes a 30-year-old man found submerged at the bottom of a hotel pool. An autopsy revealed scleral hemorrhages and fascial hemorrhages of multiple muscles of the anterior and posterior neck bilaterally. No evidence of traumatic injury was on the surface of the body. An investigation by law enforcement found no evidence of foul play. The occurrence of petechial and neck hemorrhage in a body recovered from the water is controversial, and a review of this literature will be given. We suggest that fascial hemorrhages of the muscles of the neck, as well as cephalic hemorrhages, can be explained by drowning-related elevated central venous pressure that is communicated to the head through the valveless veins of the neck.
Russell T Alexander; Jeffrey M Jentzen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of forensic sciences     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1556-4029     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375370     Medline TA:  J Forensic Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.
Office of the Chief Medical Examiner for the State of Maryland, 900 W. Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. University of Michigan, 5226 Medical Science I, 1301 Catherine, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5602.
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