Document Detail

Nebivolol and metoprolol: long-term effects on inflammation and oxidative stress in essential hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22708640     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Arterial hypertension is characterised by increased oxidative stress and inflammation, which are associated with further cardiovascular risk. The aim of our study was to investigate the long-term effects of nebivolol and metoprolol succinate on oxidative stress, and on inflammatory and pro-inflammatory markers in patients with hypertension. Eighty patients with never-treated mild-to-moderate essential hypertension, aged 30-65 years, were randomised to a 5 mg daily dose of nebivolol or a 50-100 mg daily dose of metoprolol succinate. Brachial blood pressure, plasma oxidized LDL (oxLDL), interleukin-6 (IL-6), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), fibrinogen, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), and urine 8-isoprostane levels were measured before and after 1 year of treatment. Nebivolol and metoprolol reduced equally significantly brachial blood pressure. The oxLDL was significantly reduced in both groups (p < 0.01 and for both drugs), but only nebivolol reduced 8-isoprostanes (p = 0.01). In the metoprolol group, change in oxLDL levels correlated with change in systolic blood pressure (r = 0.45; p < 0.01) and pulse pressure (r = 0.47; p < 0.01). Both metoprolol and nebivolol reduced ICAM-1 (p < 0.01). There was no change in IL-6, hsCRP, fibrinogen, or ADMA levels in either group. These data suggest that in long-term antihypertensive treatment both the cardioselective beta blocker metoprolol succinate and the vasodilating beta blocker nebivolol have inflammation-related effects but only nebivolol has a favourable blood pressure-independent effect on oxidative stress.
Martin Serg; Priit Kampus; Jaak Kals; Maksim Zagura; Mihkel Zilmer; Kersti Zilmer; Tiiu Kullisaar; Jaan Eha
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1502-7686     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404375     Medline TA:  Scand J Clin Lab Invest     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cardiology, University of Tartu , Tartu , Estonia.
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