Document Detail

Nature and origins of mathematics difficulties in very preterm children: A different etiology than Developmental Dyscalculia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25406898     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BackgroundChildren born very preterm (<32 weeks) are at high risk for mathematics learning difficulties that are out of proportion to other academic and cognitive deficits. However, the aetiology of mathematics difficulties in very preterm children is unknown. We sought to identify the nature and origins of preterm children's mathematics difficulties.Methods115 very preterm children aged 8-10 years were assessed in school with a control group of 77 term-born classmates. Achievement in mathematics, working memory, visuo-spatial processing, inhibition and processing speed were assessed using standardised tests. Numerical representations and specific mathematics skills were assessed using experimental tests.ResultsVery preterm children had significantly poorer mathematics achievement, working memory and visuo-spatial skills than term-born controls. Although preterm children had poorer performance in specific mathematics skills, there was no evidence of imprecise numerical representations. Difficulties in mathematics were associated with deficits in visuo-spatial processing and working memory.ConclusionMathematics difficulties in very preterm children are associated with deficits in working memory and visuo-spatial processing not numerical representations. Thus very preterm children's mathematics difficulties are different in nature from those of children with developmental dyscalculia. Interventions targeting general cognitive problems, rather than numerical representations, are needed to improve very preterm children's achievement.Pediatric Research (2014); doi:10.1038/pr.2014.184.
Victoria Simms; Camilla Gilmore; Lucy Cragg; Sarah Clayton; Neil Marlow; Samantha Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  REVIEW     Date:  2014-11-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-0447     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Res.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0100714     Medline TA:  Pediatr Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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