Document Detail

Natural 'poor start' does not increase mortality over the lifetime.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21450729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Poor nutrition and other challenges during infancy can impose delayed costs, and it has been proposed that expression of costs during adulthood should involve increased mortality rather than reduced reproduction. Demonstrations of delayed costs come mostly from experimental manipulations of the diet and hormones of captive infants of short-lived species, and we know very little about how natural poor starts in life affect wild animals over their lifetimes. In the blue-footed booby, sibling conflict obliges younger brood members to grow up suffering aggressive subordination, food deprivation and elevated stress hormone, but surviving fledglings showed no deficit in reproduction over the first 5-10 years. A study of 7927 individuals from two-fledgling and singleton broods from 20 cohorts found no significant evidence of a higher rate of mortality nor a lower rate of recruitment in younger fledglings than in elder fledglings or singletons at any age over the 20 year lifespan. Development of boobies may be buffered against the three challenges of subordination. Experimental challenges to neonates that result in delayed costs have usually been more severe, more prolonged and more abruptly suspended, and it is unclear which natural situations they mimic.
H Drummond; C Rodríguez; D Oro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-03-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society     Volume:  278     ISSN:  1471-2954     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-12     Completed Date:  2012-02-07     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101245157     Medline TA:  Proc Biol Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3421-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Ecología Evolutiva, Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, A.P. 70-275, México 04510 DF, Mexico.
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MeSH Terms
Behavior, Animal / physiology*
Birds / physiology*
Competitive Behavior / physiology*
Corticosterone / blood
Models, Biological*
Reproduction / physiology
Sibling Relations*
Social Dominance*
Survival Analysis
Reg. No./Substance:

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