Document Detail


Natural language processing: an introduction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21846786     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview and tutorial of natural language processing (NLP) and modern NLP-system design.
TARGET AUDIENCE: This tutorial targets the medical informatics generalist who has limited acquaintance with the principles behind NLP and/or limited knowledge of the current state of the art.
SCOPE: We describe the historical evolution of NLP, and summarize common NLP sub-problems in this extensive field. We then provide a synopsis of selected highlights of medical NLP efforts. After providing a brief description of common machine-learning approaches that are being used for diverse NLP sub-problems, we discuss how modern NLP architectures are designed, with a summary of the Apache Foundation's Unstructured Information Management Architecture. We finally consider possible future directions for NLP, and reflect on the possible impact of IBM Watson on the medical field.
Authors:
Prakash M Nadkarni; Lucila Ohno-Machado; Wendy W Chapman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1527-974X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Med Inform Assoc     Publication Date:    2011 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-17     Completed Date:  2012-01-20     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9430800     Medline TA:  J Am Med Inform Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  544-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. prakash.nadkarni@yale.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Information Management
Information Storage and Retrieval
Medical Informatics / trends*
Models, Theoretical
Natural Language Processing*
Pattern Recognition, Automated
User-Computer Interface
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01LM009520/LM/NLM NIH HHS; U54 HL108460/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; U54HL108460/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; UL1RR031980/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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