Document Detail

Natural history of severe duodenal ulcer disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9563218     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with chronic duodenal ulcer has severe ulcer diathesis in the form of frequent relapses and complications like perforation and hemorrhage. We observed the effect of drug treatment on the natural history of this subset. METHODS: Of 526 patients diagnosed to have chronic duodenal ulcer by endoscopy, 23 patients with severe diathesis were available for long follow-up (mean period 36 months). Each patient was assessed clinically and endoscopically every 2 months for at least 12 months and then every 3 months or when symptomatic. Helicobacter pylori status was assessed during endoscopy. The effect of antisecretory drugs and anti-H. pylori therapy on natural history was determined. RESULTS: Thirteen of 23 patients (56%) had refractory ulcers; six responded to double dose of H2-receptor antagonists (H2RA) for 8 weeks and six to omeprazole 40 mg daily for 4-8 weeks. Of 20 patients (87%) who were H. pylori-positive, 15 completed triple-drug therapy; of these, 10 patients eradicated H. pylori. These 10 patients were followed up for 24 months; there were no ulcer relapses within the first 12 months but 8 of them relapsed between 12 and 24 months (total number of relapses 8). Reinfection with H. pylori occurred in 3 patients. In the other 10 patients who remained H. pylori-positive, there were 19 episodes of ulcer relapse in 7 patients over 24 months, in spite of maintenance therapy with H2RA (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Refractoriness in patients with severe ulcer disease is usually episodic and amenable to larger doses of omeprazole or H2RA. Anti-H. pylori therapy improves the natural history but its effect in preventing ulcer relapse is short lasting (less than 12 months). Recurrence of infection is a problem in our population.
A Konar; A S Das; P K De; A Roy; D N Mazumder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0254-8860     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Gastroenterol     Publication Date:  1998 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-06-11     Completed Date:  1998-06-11     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8409436     Medline TA:  Indian J Gastroenterol     Country:  INDIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  48-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Gastroenterology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Calcutta.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Ulcer Agents / therapeutic use
Chronic Disease
Drug Therapy, Combination
Duodenal Ulcer / drug therapy*,  microbiology,  prevention & control
Helicobacter Infections / diagnosis,  drug therapy
Helicobacter pylori / isolation & purification
Histamine H2 Antagonists / therapeutic use*
Middle Aged
Omeprazole / therapeutic use
Ranitidine / therapeutic use*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Ulcer Agents; 0/Histamine H2 Antagonists; 66357-35-5/Ranitidine; 73590-58-6/Omeprazole

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