Document Detail

Natural history and outcome of prenatally diagnosed cystic hygroma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15614877     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To define the outcome in cases of cystic hygroma diagnosed from a routine obstetric population. METHOD: This was a retrospective study of 42 cases of fetal cystic hygroma detected at 11 to 23 weeks' gestation in a routine obstetric population of 25 352 pregnancies. Fetal cystic hygroma was categorized according to position, severity, presence of cardiac defects and Hydrops fetalis. RESULTS: There were 20 (47.6%) cases with aneuploidy (9 trisomies and 11 Turner's syndrome). Major congenital cardiac defects were identified in 12 (28.6%) cases. Regression of the hygroma was noted in 2/20 (10%) of the aneuploid pregnancies and 3/17 (17.6%) of the euploid pregnancies. The majority (90.0%) of the aneuploid fetuses were female. In contrast, 70.58% of the fetuses in the euploid group were male and all the surviving normal babies were also male (n = 3). CONCLUSION: The findings of this study would support invasive prenatal diagnosis for an ultrasound finding of fetal cystic hygroma. Even in euploid pregnancies with cystic hygroma, there is a high mortality with associated abnormalities. The data also suggest a guarded pregnancy prognosis for the finding of fetal cystic hygroma, and that it is improved with spontaneous resolution, especially in male fetuses of normal karyotype.
R Ganapathy; M Guven; F Sethna; U Vivekananda; B Thilaganathan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prenatal diagnosis     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0197-3851     ISO Abbreviation:  Prenat. Diagn.     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-28     Completed Date:  2005-04-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106540     Medline TA:  Prenat Diagn     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  965-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Feto-Maternal Medicine Unit, Academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St George's Hospital Medical School, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Congenital Abnormalities
Fetal Death
Fetal Diseases / ultrasonography
Gestational Age
Heart Defects, Congenital / complications
Lymphangioma, Cystic / genetics,  ultrasonography*
Pregnancy Outcome*
Retrospective Studies
Turner Syndrome
Ultrasonography, Prenatal*

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