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Natural Antisense Transcript-targeted Regulation of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase mRNA Levels.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23348570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Natural antisense transcripts (asRNAs) are frequently transcribed from mammalian genes. Recently, we found that non-coding asRNAs are transcribed from the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of the rat and mouse genes encoding inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), which catalyzes the production of the inflammatory mediator nitric oxide. The iNOS asRNA stabilizes iNOS mRNA by interacting with the mRNA 3'UTR. Furthermore, single-stranded 'sense' oligonucleotides corresponding to the iNOS mRNA sequence were found to reduce iNOS mRNA levels by interfering with mRNA-asRNA interactions in rat hepatocytes. This method was named natural antisense transcript-targeted regulation (NATRE) technology. In this study, we detected human iNOS asRNA expressed in hepatocarcinoma and colon carcinoma tissues. The human iNOS asRNA harbored a sequence complementary to an evolutionarily conserved region of the iNOS mRNA 3'UTR. When introduced into hepatocytes, iNOS sense oligonucleotides that were modified by substitution with partial phosphorothioate bonds and locked nucleic acids or 2'-O-methyl nucleic acids greatly reduced levels of iNOS mRNA and iNOS protein. Moreover, sense oligonucleotides and short interfering RNAs decreased iNOS mRNA to comparable levels. These results suggest that NATRE technology using iNOS sense oligonucleotides could potentially be used to treat human inflammatory diseases and cancers by reducing iNOS mRNA levels.
Authors:
Emi Yoshigai; Takafumi Hara; Yoshiro Araki; Yoshito Tanaka; Masaharu Oishi; Katsuji Tokuhara; Masaki Kaibori; Tadayoshi Okumura; A-Hon Kwon; Mikio Nishizawa
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nitric oxide : biology and chemistry / official journal of the Nitric Oxide Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1089-8611     ISO Abbreviation:  Nitric Oxide     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9709307     Medline TA:  Nitric Oxide     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Life Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan.
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