Document Detail


Natriuretic and diuretic effects of infusion of atrial natriuretic factor in conscious dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2529778     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We studied the effects of 30-min infusions of the synthetic 25-amino acid atrial natriuretic factor [ANF-(102-126)] and the 28-amino acid ANF-(99-126) at 0.1 and 0.3 micrograms.kg-1.min-1 on urine flow rate, sodium excretion, and arterial pressure in conscious dogs. Each dose was administered on a separate day following a 1-h stabilization period. We also compared the effects of 60-min infusions of ANF, 0.01 micrograms.kg-1.min-1, or water infusion on separate days in conscious dogs. Arterial pressure was reduced in a dose-dependent fashion, reaching statistical significance at a dose of 0.3 micrograms.kg-1.min-1. During the 0.01-micrograms.kg-1.min-1 infusion, the plasma concentration of ANF rose approximately threefold (from 68 +/- 7 to 207 +/- 14 pg/ml), with no change in urine flow rate, sodium excretion, or arterial pressure. At a dose of 0.1 micrograms.kg-1.min-1, urine flow increased (P less than 0.05) by 0.41 +/- 0.15 ml/min, and sodium excretion rose by 72 +/- 24 mu eq/min, but not significantly, whereas plasma ANF levels rose to 1,236 +/- 229 pg/ml. At the highest dose of ANF (0.3 micrograms.kg-1.min-1) urine flow rose by 0.62 +/- 0.16 ml/min, P less than 0.05, and sodium excretion rose by 139 +/- 30 mu eq/min, P less than 0.05, whereas plasma levels of ANF rose to 2,436 +/- 320 pg/ml. In contrast, volume loading with dextran increased urine flow by 3.5 +/- 1.3 ml/min, P less than 0.05, and sodium excretion by 439 +/- 147 mu eq/min, P less than 0.05, whereas ANF rose to only 320 +/- 69 pg/ml. These results suggest that, in the conscious dog, ANF does not cause significant diuretic or natriuretic effects until plasma levels are markedly above those observed in physiological conditions. A possible explanation for the difference between this and previous studies is that the renal effects of ANF, at physiological plasma levels, are indirect and thus dependent on autonomic and hormonal (angiotensin, vasopressin, and aldosterone levels) factors governing the renal function of the animal.
Authors:
J Ohanian; M A Young; Y T Shen; R Gaivin; S F Vatner; R M Graham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  257     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1989 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-11-17     Completed Date:  1989-11-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  F565-73     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Atrial Natriuretic Factor / blood,  pharmacology*
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Diuresis / drug effects*
Dogs
Female
Heart Rate / drug effects
Kinetics
Natriuresis / drug effects*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-33107/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-35642/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-38070/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
85637-73-6/Atrial Natriuretic Factor

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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