Document Detail


National trends in silicosis mortality in the United States, 1981-2004.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18626906     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: This article describes trends in mortality with silicosis and identifies industries and occupations with elevated silicosis mortality. METHODS: A total of 6,326 deaths with silicosis for 1981-2004 were analyzed for trends and association with occupation and industry. Annual mortality rates were age-adjusted to the U.S. Year 2000 population. A linear regression model was used for analyzing mortality trends. Proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) were based on 1,440 deaths with information on usual industry and occupation. RESULTS: Overall age-adjusted mortality rates per million declined from 2.4 in 1981 to 0.7 in 2004. Industries having significantly elevated PMRs for silicosis included mining and quarrying. Occupations with elevated PMRs included those associated with metal and mineral processing. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that considerable progress has been made towards elimination of this preventable disease. However, about 30 silicosis deaths per year have been recorded since 1995 among those of working age, warranting continued efforts to effectively limit workplace exposures.
Authors:
Ki Moon Bang; Michael D Attfield; John M Wood; Girija Syamlal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of industrial medicine     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1097-0274     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Ind. Med.     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-11     Completed Date:  2008-11-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8101110     Medline TA:  Am J Ind Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  633-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Published 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA. kmb2@cdc.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality / trends
Occupational Diseases / mortality*
Occupational Exposure*
Silicosis / mortality*
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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