Document Detail

Nasopharyngeal cancer in North--Eastern Nigeria: clinical trends.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20329676     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal cancer is the malignancy of the posterior aspect of the nose called Nasopharynx. It is one of the most difficult diseases to diagnose at an early stage. AIM: To determine prevalence, clinical trends and histopathological types of Nasopharyngeal cancer in Maiduguri, North Eastern Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Fifteen year retrospective evaluation of patient's case notes and cancer registry records of 40 patients with histologically confirmed nasopharyngeal cancer between 1991-2005. RESULTS: Nasopharyngeal cancers constituted 35.1% of all malignancies of ear, nose, throat during the study period. The M:F was 2.1-1, the mean age was 39(+/- 16.5) years and a peak age group and its occurrence of 40-49 years. The commonest symptom at presentation were cervical lymphadenopathy (72.5%), rhinorrhoea (55%), epistaxis(45%). The commonest histological type was squamous cell carcinoma(92.5%). Patients who received chemotherapy in addition to radiotherapy and higher symptom free period. CONCLUSION: Cancer is a difficult disease to diagnose at an stage. A meticulous ear, nose and throat examination and thorough evaluation of nasal symptoms with associated cervical lymphadenopathy may lead to an early diagnosis of nasopharyngeal cancer's.
H I Garandawa; B M Ahmad; H A Nggada
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nigerian journal of clinical practice     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1119-3077     ISO Abbreviation:  Niger J Clin Pract     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-24     Completed Date:  2010-04-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101150032     Medline TA:  Niger J Clin Pract     Country:  Nigeria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  379-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of ENT Surgery, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / epidemiology*,  pathology
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology*,  pathology
Middle Aged
Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / epidemiology*,  pathology
Nigeria / epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Rhabdomyosarcoma / epidemiology*,  pathology
Risk Factors
Young Adult

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