Document Detail


Nasomaxillary complex in size, position and orientation in surgically treated and untreated individuals with cleft lip and palate: A cephalometric overview.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22754157     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional retrospective cephalometric study was designed to clarify whether the maxillary deficiency seen in surgically treated individuals with non-syndromic complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) is due to inherent growth potential or iatrogenicity.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: 72 adult individuals were randomly selected in the age range of 12-20 years, and were divided into two groups. Group I had 47 untreated individuals. Group II consisted of 25 surgically treated individuals. Lateral and frontal cephalograms of the selected individuals were taken and analysed using Nemoceph software.
RESULTS: Group II showed a marked reduction in the cranial base angle, maxillary base length, anterior and posterior maxillary positions, palatal plane angle, maxillary width, maxillary height, occlusal plane height, nasal width and nasal height.
CONCLUSION: Surgical intervention does interfere with growth in the facial region. This could be attributed to the scar tissue in lip and palate region, which has a restraining effect on growth in the facial region. These altered functional matrices play a significant role in determining the growth of facial structures.
Authors:
Rohit Khanna; Tripti Tikku; Jitesh Wadhwa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of plastic surgery : official publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1998-376X     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Plast Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-03     Completed Date:  2012-08-23     Revised Date:  2013-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405356     Medline TA:  Indian J Plast Surg     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  68-75     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Babu Banarsi Das College of Dental Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
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