Document Detail


Nasojejunal feedings in low-birth-weight infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  807697     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Continuous nasojejunal and intermittent nasogastric feedings were compared in a controlled prospective study in 21 low-birth-weight infants. The groups were comparable in regard to period of gestation, birth weight, head circumference, and clinical findings. Cumulative weight gain, caloric and fluid intake, percent weight lost, blood chemistry values, and complications were used in evaluating the two groups. Upon completion of the 21-day study, N/J infants were found to have had statistically better weight gain, caloric intake, and fluid intake (p = 0.05-0.001) during the early part of the study. Weight loss was less in the N/J group (p less than 0.01). Neither group had abnormalities of blood chemistry or significant complications. It is concluded that N/J feeding in the low-birth-weight neonate is a safe, effective means of early nutritional intake, with advantages most pronounced during the first two weeks of life.
Authors:
D H Wells; R D Zachman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0022-3476     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  1975 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1975-11-01     Completed Date:  1975-11-01     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  276-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bacteria / isolation & purification
Birth Weight
Blood Chemical Analysis
Cephalometry
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent / complications
Enteral Nutrition / instrumentation,  methods*
Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous / complications
Feces / analysis
Gestational Age
Humans
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / complications
Infant, Premature*
Intubation, Gastrointestinal / methods
Jejunum*
Nasal Mucosa / microbiology
Occult Blood
Prospective Studies
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / complications

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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