Document Detail


Narrowing the distance to language: one step at a time.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10466094     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Infants' earliest attempts at word segmentation appear to be guided by a single source of information (e.g., English-learners initially rely on the predominant stress pattern of words). This initial strategy successfully identifies many potential words in the input, but mis-segments others. However, simply breaking the input into smaller chunks helps learners to identify other possible cues to the location of word boundaries in utterances. Because no one source of information is completely reliable, listeners must eventually rely on multiple cues to segment words. The development of such skills is not critical for developing a native language vocabulary, but also for acquiring the grammatical organization of utterances. Tracking familiar sound patterns, such as function words and grammatical morphemes, may help in learning about syntactic organization. One factor that facilitates learning about the distribution of such elements is sensitivity to boundaries of prosodic phrases. Access to such linguistically-relevant chunks also helps in tracking the distribution of words in the input.
Authors:
P W Jusczyk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of communication disorders     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0021-9924     ISO Abbreviation:  J Commun Disord     Publication Date:    1999 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-14     Completed Date:  1999-10-14     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260316     Medline TA:  J Commun Disord     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  207-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218-2686, USA. Jusczyk@JHU.EDU
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child Development / physiology*
Cues
Humans
Infant
Language Development*
Models, Psychological
Phonetics
Speech Perception*
Vocabulary
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
J Commun Disord. 1999 Jul-Aug;32(4):247-50   [PMID:  10466096 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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