Document Detail


Narrative content as described by individuals with Down syndrome and typically developing children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14748647     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Narratives of the wordless picture story, Frog, Where Are You?, by 33 individuals with Down syndrome and typically developing children (33 matched for mental age, 33 for syntax comprehension, 33 for mean length of utterance) were analyzed for expression of plot line, story theme, and the protagonists' misadventures in the story. Despite their restricted expressive syntax and vocabulary, the group with Down syndrome expressed more plot line and thematic content and more of one of the protagonists' misadventures than the MLU controls; they most resembled the syntax comprehension control participants. We conclude that the group with Down syndrome had a conceptual understanding of the picture story similar to that of the TACL-R group and a strategy for expressing that understanding despite expressive lexical and syntactic limitations; this resulted in the expression of more narrative content than formal measures of expressive language would predict. We propose that the higher syntactic comprehension skills of the group with Down syndrome, combined with their experience with story content (listening to stories), may have contributed to their developing higher-level story schemas than would be expected given their MLUs.
Authors:
Sally Miles; Robin S Chapman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1092-4388     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-29     Completed Date:  2004-03-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705610     Medline TA:  J Speech Lang Hear Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  175-89     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Waisman Center, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705 USA. miles@waisman.wisc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Case-Control Studies
Child
Down Syndrome / complications*
Female
Humans
Language Development Disorders / etiology*,  physiopathology*
Language Tests
Linguistics
Male
Mental Retardation / etiology,  physiopathology
Verbal Behavior*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD23353/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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