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Nanostructured materials for thermoelectric applications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20922257     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recent studies indicate that nanostructuring can be an effective method for increasing the dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) in materials. Most of the enhancement in ZT can be attributed to large reductions in the lattice thermal conductivity due to increased phonon scattering at interfaces. Although significant gains have been reported, much higher ZTs in practical, cost-effective and environmentally benign materials are needed in order for thermoelectrics to become effective for large-scale, wide-spread power and thermal management applications. This review discusses the various synthetic techniques that can be used in the production of bulk scale nanostructured materials. The advantages and disadvantages of each synthetic method are evaluated along with guidelines and goals presented for an ideal thermoelectric material. With proper optimization, some of these techniques hold promise for producing high efficiency devices.
Authors:
Sabah K Bux; Jean-Pierre Fleurial; Richard B Kaner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemical communications (Cambridge, England)     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1364-548X     ISO Abbreviation:  Chem. Commun. (Camb.)     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9610838     Medline TA:  Chem Commun (Camb)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8311-24     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and California NanoSystems Institute, University of California Los Angeles, 607 Charles E. Young Drive Box 951569, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.
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