Document Detail

Nailbiting, or onychophagia: a special habit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18675214     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Onychophagia, or nailbiting, is a common oral habit, observed in both children and adults. The etiologies suggested for nailbiting include anxiety, stress, loneliness, imitation of other family member, heredity, inactivity, transference from a thumb-sucking habit, and poorly manicured nails. Treatment should be directed at the causes; punishment, ridicule, nagging and threats, and application of bitter-tasting commercial preparations on the nail are a variety of reminders, but are not appropriate approaches to treatment. The key to success is the nailbiter's consent and cooperation.
Orlando Motohiro Tanaka; Robert Willer Farinazzo Vitral; Giulia Yuriko Tanaka; Ariana Pulido Guerrero; Elisa Souza Camargo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics     Volume:  134     ISSN:  1097-6752     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-04     Completed Date:  2008-08-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610224     Medline TA:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  305-8     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Graduate dentistry program, Orthodontics, Curitiba, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Behavior Therapy
Malocclusion / etiology*
Nail Biting* / psychology,  therapy

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